World Down Syndrome Day, 21 March 2020
Down syndrome, also known as trisomy 21. It is a genetic disorder caused due to abnormal cell division that results in an extra copy of chromosome 21. This leads to developmental disorders, distinct facial appearance and intellectual disability. There are more than 4 Million People around the world are suffering from Down syndrome.
The severity of down syndrome varies among individuals. It is one of the most common genetic chromosomal diseases that cause learning disabilities in children. It might also cause some other medical abnormalities, including heart disease, thyroid problems and gastrointestinal disorders.
Anyone of the three genetic variations mentioned below can cause Down syndrome.
- Trisomy 21
- Mosaic Down syndrome
- Translocation Down syndrome
Symptoms Of Down Syndrome
Each person with down syndrome has distinct symptoms. Some people with down syndrome found to be healthy while others might suffer some significant health problems such as Leukemia, Dementia, Sleep apnea, Immune disorders etc. The signs and symptoms of the Down syndrome include:
- Flat face
- Small head and short neck
- Protruding tongue
- Upward tilting eyelids
- Improper ear-shapes or small ears
- Poor muscle tone
- Broad and shorthands
- Short fingers, small hands and feet
- Excessive flexibility
- Tiny white spots on the iris of the eye called Brushfield’s spots
The present medical technology increased the life span of people with this condition. People can live a healthy and happy life even with down syndrome. For more information, contact our specialist doctors at Premier Hospital.
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Santosh Kumar Paila