The Friendly Neighbourhood Mosquito – Friend or Foe?
Mosquitoes are food for Fish, birds, damselflies, spiders, bats, frogs, reptiles, and aquatic organisms. But, for humans, mosquitoes are good for nothing. They irritate and are also the carriers of infectious diseases such as Malaria, Zika virus, and many more.
Why Is Mosquito Not A Friend To Human?
Mosquitoes are the deadly creatures, and their ability to carry diseases resulting in millions of deaths every year. They transmit several diseases, such as:
Malaria: Malaria is an ancient disease transmitted by female Anopheles mosquitoes. This illness has reported more than 500-700 million deaths each year. It affects the red blood cells present in the human body and wrecks them.
Symptoms of Malaria:
The symptoms of malaria include:
- High body temperature
- Nausea and Vomiting
Chikungunya: Chikungunya is a virus spread by mosquitoes. It causes debilitating joint pain for several weeks. However, there is no treatment available for chikungunya, except for pain medications and enhancing body immunity.
Symptoms of Chikungunya:
The symptoms of Chikungunya include:
- The sudden appearance of fever
- Muscle pains
Dengue: Dengue is a severe arboviral disease transmitted from mosquitoes which prefer to lay their eggs in containers near to human habitations. It has become more common than malaria over the years.
Symptoms of Dengue:
The symptoms of dengue Include:
- High body temperature
- Severe headache
- Severe pains behind the eyes
- Spots under the skin
- Joint and muscle pains
- Nose or gum bleeding
Yellow Fever: A yellow fever is a viral disease transmitted by infected mosquitoes, which may exhibit symptoms such as fever, headache, jaundice, muscle pain, nausea, vomiting, and fatigue.
Symptoms of Yellow Fever:
The symptoms of yellow fever Include:
- Muscle pains especially in the back and knees
- Eye and face or tongue redness
- Nose, mouth, and eye bleeding
- Heartbeat irregularity
- Liver and kidney failure
- Cerebral disorders
Zika Virus: Zika virus is a disease that can be spread through infected Aedes agypti or Aedes albopictus mosquito. The symptoms of this disease include fever, rash, conjunctivitis, and joint pain that lasts for several weeks.
Symptoms of Zika Virus:
The symptoms of Zika Virus include:
- A Rash
- Itching all over the body
- High temperature
- Joint pain
- Muscle pain
- Conjunctivitis (red eyes)
- Lower back pain
Other Diseases Transmitted By Mosquitoes:
Image credit: Rentokil
A few other diseases transmitted by mosquitoes include:
- West Nile virus
- Saint Louis encephalitis virus
- Eastern equine encephalomyelitis virus
- Everglades virus
- Highlands J virus
- La Crosse Encephalitis
- Ilheus virus
- Rift Valley fever
- Wuchereria bancrofti
- Japanese encephalitis
- Murray Valley encephalitis
Preventive Measures To Avoid Mosquito Bites
Mosquitoes carry diseases. The preventive measures help you to avoid mosquitoes and the diseases they carry:
- Repair all the outdoor screens and maintain them in good condition
- Use windows with screens
- Sleep under a mosquito net
- Pour out any standing water
- Remove water from coolers and small containers
- Use mosquito repellents
- Wear full sleeved clothes
- Repair cracks and gaps in your septic tank
- Cover open pipes or vents with thin wire mesh
- Apply mosquito spray in dark spaces
Mosquitoes are no friend to human beings because they are significant insects transmitting deadly diseases among humans. Try to prevent mosquitoes in order to stay away from these deadly diseases. Consult the doctor at Premier Hospital immediately for emergency care, if you notice any of the above warning signs.
Poor drainage system and pet dishes, birdbaths, flower vase with stagnant water, Air conditioner drip trays, children play sets, trash cans, mud pots, pools and spas, old tyres are best breeding grounds for mosquitoes. As Old says “Prevention is Better Than Cure”. Avoid the mosquito bite in this rainy and forthcoming winter seasons.
In our ecosystem, mosquitoes are food for many organisms including birds and insects. We need to maintain this food web. But mosquitoes are enemies for human beings and pet animals when we ignoring the preventing them in spreading the life-threatening diseases.
Protect Yourself from Mosquito Bites.
About The Hospital:
Since the inception of Premier Hospital in 1991 till today, we have grown to unprecedented levels, due to our excellence in medical sciences and healthcare. Premier Hospital is the creation of Dr Mahesh Marda and when it was first established, was only a small, 30-bed hospital facility. Back then, we provided only secondary care to patients, but that certainly has changed in the present landscape.
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